Songkran Festival
Content in the Article:

Intro to the festival

Date: 13th - 15th April, 2020

Songkran is the Thai New Year's national holiday. Songkran is celebrated on 13th April each year, however, the vacation duration extends from 14 to 15 April. In 2018 the Thai cabinet prolonged the festival national to five days, 12–16 April, to permit residents to tour the home for the holiday. In 2019, the holiday can be found 12– 16 April as 13 April falls on a Saturday. The phrase "Songkran" comes from the Sanskrit phrase saṃkrānti (Devanāgarī: संक्रांति), actually "astrological passage", that means transformation or change. The term changed into borrowed from Makar Sankranti, the name of a Hindu harvest competition celebrated in India in January to mark the advent of spring. It coincides with the rising of Aries on the astrological chart and with the New Year of many calendars of South and Southeast Asia, in step with the Buddhist/Hindu sun calendar. The New Year takes area at certainly the equal time as the new year celebrations of many nations in South Asia like China (Dai People of Yunnan Province), Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia, Nepal, Bangladesh, India, and Sri Lanka.

Meaning of the festival name

Songkran derives from Sanskrit meaning 'shift' or 'motion'. It derives from the motion of the sun from one role to every other in the zodiac. According to its literal meaning in Sanskrit, a Songkran happens each month. However, the period that Thai humans talk over with as Songkran occurs when the sun moves from Pisces to Aries within the zodiac. The correct name for this period should certainly be Maha Songkran because it coincides with the advent of a New Year. The Songkran competition is, consequently, a party of the New Year in accordance with the solar calendar. The celebration covers a period of 3 days: 13 April is regarded as Maha Songkran, the day that the sun actions into Aries at the zodiac or the final day of the old yr. The next day, 14 April is referred to as Wan Nao, the transitional day between the antique and the brand new years, and 15 April is known as Wan Thaloeng Sok.

People’s way of celebration

Central Region People on this area smooth their homes while Songkran methods. All dress up in colourful clothing or Thai get dressed. After imparting food to the priests, people will provide a requiem to their ancestors. People make advantage offerings including giving sand to the temple for the creation or restore. Other kinds of advantage include liberating birds and fish. Nowadays, human beings also release different types of animals consisting of buffaloes and cows. Phra Pradaeng hosts traditional Mon ceremonies (see Mon humans, parades, and folklore performances.

South Southerners have three Songkran regulations: Work as little as viable and avoid spending money; do now not hurt other people or animals; do not inform lies.

North On April 7, Baan Had Siew in Si Satchanalai District hosts the'Elephant Procession Ordination' event with a colourful parade where guys dressed within the conventional clothes are taken to the temples on performance. In northern Thailand, thirteen April is celebrated with gunfire or firecrackers to repel bad good fortune. On the following day, people put together meals and beneficial matters to provide to the priests on the temple. People need to go to the temple to make advantage and shower Buddha's statue and after that, they pour water at the fingers of elders and ask for their blessings.

East The eastern place has sports much like the opposite a part of Thailand, but people within the east constantly make benefit at the temple in the course of all of the days of the Songkran Festival and create the sand pagoda. Some people, after making merit at the temple, prepare food to accept to the aged individuals of their own family.

The Capital (Bangkok) The Khao San Road and Silom Road are the hubs for the modern birthday celebration of Songkran. The roads are closed for visitors, and posts prepared with water guns and buckets complete of water. The celebration runs day and night.


History of the pageant traditions originates with the blessings and prayers for Buddhist Monks. Ancient Thai subculture warranted travelling the nearby monasteries and presenting items of meals to the monks who resided there. In addition, prayers and advantages of scented water poured over the priests in the course of a holy cleansing system. The locals might acquire the poured water and convey it again to their cherished ones and buddies. The local population would then rub and pour the water over each other as they believed the water to be blessed.

Traditions of the festival

Throwing of Water - There are many traditions found throughout the competition but, the culture enjoyed by means of all - the throwing of water. The laugh includes hoses, water guns and all sorts of water carrying bins as Thai locals and guests drench every other with water. The culture derives from the unique accumulating and pouring of the blessed water. This is a symbol of desirable health and fortune inside the new year.

White Chalk- Festival goers are also doused with white chalk to symbolize the clergymen use of creating chalk marks to hold the blessings made.

Gifts of Food - Thai people go to monasteries for prayer and supply food to the priests. While journeying, locals pour scented water on Buddha symbols. This is accompanied with the aid of a procession of priests carrying Buddha statues thru the streets of the festival as people throw water.

Unless you enjoy your favourite outfit soaked whilst protected in white chalk, suggestions are in impact for casual apparel. A raincoat would help as nicely!