Intro to the festival
Date of the Festival: 5th August 2019
Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil is a significant Hindu temple, located in Nallur, Northern Province, Sri Lanka. The presiding deity is Lord Murugan or Katharagama Deviyo in the form of the holy 'Vel' in the Sanctum, the primary shrine, and in other forms, namely, Shanmugar, Muthukumaraswami, Valli Kaanthar with consorts Valli and Deivayanai, and Thendayuthapani, sans consorts in secondary shrines in the temple.
History of Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil
The original, Kandaswamy Temple become founded in 948 ads. According to the Yalpana Vaipava Malai, the temple changed into evolved on the web page inside the 13th century by using Buwanika Bahu, a minister to the King of Kotte. Sapumal Kumaraya (additionally called Chempaha Perumal in Tamil), who ruled the Jaffna country on behalf of the Kotte country is credited with building the 1/3 Nallur Kandaswamy temple. Nallur served because of the capital of the Jaffna kings, with the royal palace situated very near the temple. Nallur turned into built with four entrances with the gateway. There were most important roadways and four temples at the 4 gateways.
The gift rebuilt temple that exists now do not match their original places which as an alternative are occupied via churches erected by the Portuguese. The middle of the town was Muthirai Santhai (marketplace vicinity) and become surrounded via a square fortification around it. There were courtly buildings for the kings, Brahmin priests, infantrymen and different carrier carriers. The old Kandaswamy temple functioned as a shielding citadel with excessive partitions. In preferred, the city became laid out like the conventional temple metropolis in line with Hindu tradition carrier. Cankilian Thoppu, the facade of the palace of King Cankili II, can nevertheless be found in Ncarrier. The 1/3 temple changed into destroyed with the aid of the Portuguese Catholic colonial Filipe de Oliveira in 1624 AD. The original kovil turned into place where St. James' Church, Nallur is located these days. Part of the authentic Shivalingam of the Nallur Kandaswamy Temple became located in the Vicarage till 1995 when it became destroyed all through the recapture of Jaffna with the aid of Sri Lanka militia and the platform wherein the shiva lingam was mounted on can nevertheless be seen inside the hallway of the vicarage.
The temple hosts the annual competition which begins with the hoisting of the Holy flag – the Kodiyetram. The material for hoisting is ceremonially delivered to the temple in a small chariot from a family belonging to the Sengunthar dynasty, for centuries.
The pageant is unfolded over a period of twenty 5 days all through which diverse Yāgams Abishekams and unique poojas are performed. The essential non-secular fairs humans flock to witness are the Manjam, Thirukkarthikai, Kailasavahanam, Velvimanam, Thandayuthepani it is a being, Sapparam, Ther festival procession, Theertham – the water slicing festival, and Thirukalyanam – The holy wedding. The Ther Thiruvila (chariot competition) is the most famous of all events could be very colourful and commences at 6.15 am. The glamorously dressed Lord Shanmuhar and his consorts are accomplished on a Silver Throne called 'Simmasanam', an intricately carved masterpiece created by means of the seventh Custodian, Arumuga Maapaana Mudaliyar within the yr 1900. Hundreds of devotees sporting it on their shoulders, and the Simmasanam which floats on the heads of lots of devotees shouting 'Aro hara' is a sight not to be overlooked.
The massive and heavy chariot wearing the statue of God Shanmuhar and consorts is paraded along the streets of the Temple. The chariot pulled by a rope of lots of devotees, rich and negative, young and old stand shoulder to shoulder in pulling it giving God Murugan the opportunity to witness the sincerity and purity of the devotees.
People’s way of celebration of Nallur Kandaswamy
The temple hosts the annual competition which starts with the hoisting of the Holy flag – the Kodiyetram. The fabric for hoisting is ceremonially brought to the temple in a small chariot from a family belonging to the Sengunthar dynasty, for hundreds of years.
The festival unfolds over a period of twenty-five days at some point of which numerous Yāgams Abishekams and unique poojas are conducted. The predominant non-secular fairs human beings flock to witness are the Manjam, Thirukkarthikai, Kailasavahanam, Velvimanam, Thandayuthepani it is a being, Sapparam, Ther festival procession, Theertham – the water cutting competition, and Thirukalyanam – The holy wedding ceremony. The Ther Thiruvila (chariot festival) is the most popular of all events could be very colourful and commences at 6.15 am. The glamorously dressed Lord Shanmuhar and his consorts are executed on a Silver Throne called 'Simmasanam', an intricately carved masterpiece created by means of the 7th Custodian, Arumuga Maapaana Mudaliyar in the 12 months 1900. Hundreds of devotees wearing it on their shoulders, and the Simmasanam which floats on the heads of heaps of devotees shouting 'Aro hara' is a sight no longer to be missed.
The large and heavy chariot carrying the statue of God Shanmuhar and consorts is paraded along the streets of the Temple. The chariot pulled through a rope of hundreds of devotees, wealthy and bad, old and young stand shoulder to shoulder in pulling it giving God Murugan the possibility to witness the sincerity and purity of the devotees.
The social significance of Nallur Kandaswamy
The temple is a socially critical group for the Sri Lankan Tamils Hindu identity of north Sri Lanka. In the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora, many temples had been constructed in Europe and North America the use of the identical name as a cultural reminiscence. Thanks to its Administration and strict discipline popular and respected by using the devotees, Nallur Kovil is the epitome of punctuality, order and neatness, and gives a model for all Saiva temples. Above all, it's far the way in which non-secular ceremonies are conducted with such impeccable timing and strict field that makes it a favourite among devotees.